Introduction: The by-election to Tirupati Lok Sabha seat will be held in few months. BJP considers this election to be as the foundation of BJP-Jana Sena alliance which it hopes to form government in Andhra Pradesh in 2024 Assembly election.
Tirupati Lok Sabha seat fell vacant when its sitting MP Balli Durga Prasad after being infected by the novel corona virus suffered a cardiac arrest in Chennai hospital and passed away.
Balli Durga Prasad Rao from YSRCP had won a massive 55% voteshare in Lok Sabha 2019 election. TDP Candidate Panabaka Lakshmi was distant second by securing around 38% voteshare. BJP, Congress and BSP had secured lesser votes than NOTA in 2019 election.
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The Telugu Desam Party (TDP) has named four-time MP and former Union Minister Panabaka Lakshmi as its candidate for the seat. Panabaka Lakshmi was the 1st runner up in the 2019 election results. She had attained a vote count of 4,94,501 making it to 37.65% of votes, she lost by close to 2,28,376 votes.
The YSR Congress Party is fielding Dr. Maddila Guru Murthy a physiotherapist close to the Chief Minister Jaganmohan Reddy as its candidate. Deviating from the regular convention followed by the political parties which is to field the heir-apparent or a family member of the incumbent elected representative following the death of Balli Durgaprasad Rao.
The late MP’s family has assured complete support and is standing by the decision of the CM. The YRS Congress is confident of retaining the seat as a result of the number of welfare schemes and initiatives taken up over the past 16 months and its hold of all the seven MLAs within the Lok Sabha constituency under its ranks.
Andhra Pradesh Congress Committee has fielded six-time MP Dr. Chinta Mohan as the party’s candidate.
Fresh from the tremendous performance of the party in Bihar as well as the various by polls across the country, the state unit of the BJP is keen on making its presence felt in the Tirupati Lok Sabha bypolls.
BJP has fielded former Karnataka Chief Secretary K Ratna Prabha has been announced as the BJP candidate for the upcoming Tirupati Lok Sabha By-election. Ratna Prabha hails from Prakasam district. She had also served in Andhra Pradesh on deputation for sometime.
Located in the Chittoor District in the south of Andhra Pradesh, the Tirupati Parliamentary Constituency is reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes. As per the 2019 voter list the total electorate count in the constituency is 1541826.
As per the estimates of 2011 census, out of total 2134121 population 67.72% is rural and 32.28% is urban population. The Scheduled castes (SC) and Scheduled tribes (ST) ratio is 25.15 and 9.56, respectively out of total population.
Tirupati By Election Exit Poll : What happened in 2019 Lok Sabha Election?
In the 2019 elections, the Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party (YSRCP) were able to garner 55.03% votes, and was followed by Telugu Desam Party (TDP) with 37.65% votes. It can also be seen that close to 25,000 votes (1.96%) were given to the None of the above.
In 2019 Lok Sabha election, Andhra Pradesh was one such state where BJP could not open its account. YSRCP won 22 seats while TDP could win only 3 seats.
BJP has always been referred as the party of north. In states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala BJP had failed to open its account in 2019. However, since then BJP seems to have itself dedicated to conquer the Southern states of India.
After win in Dubakka by election in Telangana and an impressive performance in Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation (GHMC) election, BJP is eyeing Tirupati by election. A win for BJP which may ally with Pawan Kalyan's Jana Sena would mean it entry in politics of Andhra Pradesh where it is considered as non-entity.
For TDP this election will be nothing less than a do or die situation. They have lost the Lok Sabha election as well as Assembly election in Andhra Pradesh very badly. As per rumors many of TDP voters as well the leaders are joining BJP leaving N Chandrababu alone. Win for TDP will revive the party as well as motivate the party cadres for future electoral battle.
The TDP Chief N Chandrababu Naidu has asked the party leaders to take the coming by-elections seriously and work towards ensuring that the party puts up a good fight. Naidu wants the leaders to take up agitations raising the failures of the YSRC government at the state level and unaddressed problems at the local level.
The Tirupati Lok Sabha seat fell vacant on September 16 after the death of sitting YSRCP MP. As per the rules the election to the vacant seat needs to be initiated within 6 months of seat falling vacant. However, election commission is yet to decide on the dates for the upcoming by election for Tirupati seat.
Right from 1952, the Tirupati Lok Sabha Assembly Constituency has been a Congress bastion. It was in 1999 when BJP with the support of TDP for the first time registered win on this seat. From 2004-2014, the seat was again held by Congress.
In 2014, YSRCP managed to win by registering around 48% vote share while BJP was second with almost 45% vote share.
Since 2014, YSRCP has increased its hold over the constituency. In 2019 it increased its voteshare by 7% to 55.03%. As of now YSRCP has momentum and are favorites to win the upcoming by election.
The election to the Tirupati Lok Sabha will be held on 6th April along with assembly election in states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala.