Bodo Accord: From Terrorism to Peace

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Bodo Accord: From Terrorism to Peace

07 Feb 2020
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Manas Jajobar

Twitter Id: MANAS @jajabormanas



Peace is Very important for Development. Today is very important day for the Bodo People & also for Assam. Decades long issue of Bodo people living in Assam was solved. Here I present you the timeline of Bodo Conflict

The Bodos, the earliest settlers of Assam, are an ethnic and linguistic group which is a sub-group of the Bodo-Kachari family. Although the Bodo agitation has a long history that dates back to the pre-Independence era, the movement gained momentum in the late 1980s when calls were made for the bifurcation the state of Assam. Some prominent armed separatist groups were founded during this period.

1929 - Bodo leader Gurudev Kalicharan Brahma submits a memorandum to the Simon Commission asking for reservations in the Legislative assembly, and for a separate political entity for his people. His efforts go in vain.

1960s and 1970s- There are calls from Bodos and other tribes for a separate state of 'Udayachal' as immigrants are accused of illegally encroaching on Bodo-inhabited lands.

Late 1980s - Calls for a separate state for Bodos - Bodoland - and for Assam to be divided "50-50" are raised. Some, like Bodo leader and All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) president Upendranath Brahma, adopt a peaceful approach, but it is at this time that armed separatist groups like the Bodoland Liberation Tigers (BLT) and the The National Democratic Front of Bodoland (of which NDFB(S) is a faction) are founded.

                                                                                                                          

February 1993 - The Bodoland Autonomous Council (BAC) is constituted after the Centre, the Assam government and the ABSU sign a tripartite agreement.

                                                                                                                       

February 2003 - The Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) is formed after the Centre, the Assam government and the BLT sign a tripartite agreement. The BLT is disbanded. The BTC will administer the Bodoland Territorial Area - an entity based on the idea of a 'state-within-a-state' and created by the reorganization of seven Assamese districts into four contiguous districts- Kokrajhar, Chirang, Udalguri and Baksa. Hagrama Mohilary, who currently heads the Bodo Territorial Council, was a leader in the now defunct armed separatist group Bodo Liberation tigers.  

                                                            

2005 - The National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) agrees to a ceasefire with the Assam government and the Centre. After the treaty is signed, the group splits into three factions. One of those factions, the NDFB(S), continued to carry out violent attacks in the state.

                                                                                                                           

2012 - Ethnic riots involving Bengali-speaking Muslims and Bodos in BTAD kill 100 and render four lakh homeless. This isn't an isolated incident. Bloody clashes between Bodos and non-Bodos, especially Bengali Muslims, have been routinely reported in the region.

May 2014- Bodo terrorists kill more than 30 people in Kokrajhar and Baksa districts, allegedly believing that the victims hadn't voted for their candidates in the Lok Sabha elections held in April.

December 2014  - Attacks by Bodo terrorists kill at least 81 people - including 76 adivasis - and render 2 lakh homeless. NDFB (S) is accused of carrying out both the May 2014 and December 2014 attacks in Assam, in which around 100 people were killed. After the December attacks, the Centre lauches Operation All Out - a large-scale military operation involving the Army, the Air Force, Assam state police and paramilitary forces - with an aim to eliminate NDFB(S) completely.

27th January ,2020 : Government of India successfully signed a new agreement involving all Stakeholders. Present on the day were Assam's Chief Minister, Sarabnand Sonowal, Finance Minister Hemant Biswa Sharma, Chief Executive Member of BTC,  Hagrama Mohilary, representatives of Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC), All Bodo Students Union (ABSU), United Boro People Organization (UBPO) and National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) factions – Gobinda Basumatary, Dhirendra Boro, Ranjan Daimary, B. Saoraigwra, along with senior officers from Union Ministry of Home Affairs and the Government of Assam. With this agreement, over 1500 armed cadres will abjure violence and join the mainstream. A Special Development Package Rs. 1500 crores over three years will be given by the Union Government to undertake specific projects for the development of Bodo areas.

                                                                                                                             

 

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