Five phases of West Bengal Assembly election is already over and both ruling Trinamool Congress and main opposition to TMC, Bhartiya Janata Party have claimed of winning maximum seats.
Fifth phase of Bengal Assembly election concluded on 17th April. A total of 45 constituencies went in for polls. The seats included the districts of North 24 Parganas, Purba Bardaman, Nadia, Darjeeling, Kalimpong and Jalpaiguri. BJP is expected to do well in this region.
With conclusion of 5th phase, 3 more phases are left. A total of 114 seats will go in for polls in last three phases. As of now voting for 180 seats of Bengal Assembly have concluded.
Bengal Election Phasewise Analysis
In first phase total 30 seats went to poll in districts of Paschim Midnapore, Purba Midnapore, Bankura, Jhargram and Purulia. Polling for the first phase took place on 29 march, when 30 seats went to the polls. Of these seats, the Trinamool Congress had won 27 in the 2016 West Bengal election. The Congress bagged two and the Left Front bagged one seat. This time voting turnout in the first phase was 84.63%.
Another 30 seats went to the polls in the second phase on April 1 in the districts of South 24 Parganas, Bankura, Paschim Midnapore and East Midnapore. Of these seats, the TMC had won 21 seats in 2016. The Bharatiya Janata Party had won one of these seats five years ago. The Congress-Left alliance bagged eight. Voter turnout was high as 86.11% of total voters exercised their right. In the 2019 Lok Sabha election, TMC maintained its lead despite BJP’s massive challenge. It took lead in 18 of the 30 constituencies that voted in the second phase of the West Bengal elections 2021. BJP took the lead in 12.
In the third phase of Bengal election 31 seats went to the polls. This phase saw voting in areas of Howrah, Hooghly, and South24 Parganas where the TMC had enjoyed complete dominance in previous elections. In 2016, the TMC had won 29 of these seats. The Congress-Left alliance had won two, winning one seat each in Howrah and South 24 Parganas. In the 2019 Lok Sabha election, TMC maintained its lead in 29 of these 31 constituencies. BJP, however replaced the Congress-Left with lead in two other constituencies.
Polling for the fourth phase Bengal election was held on 10th April. This was the phase in which Cooch Behar, Alipurduar, South 24 Parganas, Howrah and Hooghly went for the polls. Along with Nandigram, Singur had played the catapulting role in the 2011 Bengal election when TMC defeated the Left Front. The voting percentage remained on the low as compared to the previous phases with 79.60% voting. In 2011, the TMC had won 33 of these 44 seats. The party bettered its record in 2016 winning 39 of these seats. Congress had won two and the Left Front eight. BJP won one seat in the 2016 Bengal polls. In the 2019 Lok Sabha polls, the BJP surprised the TMC in its stronghold by taking lead in 19 seats. TMC was still ahead with a lead in 25 seats but it was a serious jolt to Mamata Banerjee's party. The Congress and the Left had been pushed out of the race.
Fourth phase saw the highest level of violence. It was one of the most intense phases of the Bengal polls which witnessed violence at one of the polling stations in Cooch Behar, leaving 5 people dead.
TMC won 211 in 2016 assembly elections which contested 293 seats. The Mahajot bagged 73 seats that included 26 seats of the CPIM and 44 of the Congress. The BJP could win just 3 seats. The 6th phase of Bengal Assembly election will be held on 22nd April. 43 Constituencies from the districts of North 24 Pargana , Nadia ,Purba Bardaman and Uttar Dinajpur will go in for polls in 6th phase.
The 7th phase of Bengal Assembly election will see polling for 36 Assembly seats. Seats from districts of Malda, Murshidabad, Paschim Bardaman, Kolkata South and Dakshin Dinajpur will go in for polls in 7th phase. The eight and final phase will take place on 29th April. 35 Assembly seats from the districts of Malda, Murshidabad, Bhirbhum, and Kolkata North will witness voting in last and final phase of Bengal Assembly election 2021.
The results of Bengal Assembly election along with other States and Union Territories will be declared on 2nd May.