In last 4.5 years there has been several attempts to dislodge the ruling BJP government in Manipur. However, the incumbent Chief Minister N Biren Singh has been successful in keeping his government intact in state.
In 2022, Manipur will go in for the polls once again with election scheduled in the month on February-March 2022. BJP government which was formed for the first time in state in 2017 will be defending its 5 years of work when the state goes for polls next year. In 2017 despite being the single largest party, Indian National Congress failed to form its government in the state.
Manipur Assembly Election 2022 Opinion Polls: Results of Lok Sabha 2019
Manipur has two Lok Sabha seats, Inner Manipur and Outer Manipur. In 2014 Lok Sabha election, Indian National Congress had won both the seats but in 2019 it lost both.
Inner Manipur seat was won by BJP while Outer Manipur seat went to Naga People’s Front who were supported by BJP in this seat.
Vote share of BJP stood at 34.33% while Congress got 24.71% vote share. NPF secured 22.55% vote share in 2019 Lok Sabha election.
Talking about assembly segments, BJP was ahead in 26 assembly segments while INC was ahead in 20 assembly segments. NPF lead in 11 assembly segments. CPI with no seats in Manipur Assembly were ahead in 3 assembly segments.
Manipur Assembly Election 2022 Opinion Polls: Latest News From the State
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Manipur Assembly Election 2022 Opinion Polls: What Happened in 2017 Manipur Election?
Election to 60 member Manipur Assembly was held on 4th and 8th March 2017. Results were declared on 11th March 2017.
In 2012 Manipur Election, Congress won 42 seats and incumbent Chief Minister Okram Ibobi Singh was re-elected. BJP failed to opened its account while Trinamool Congress was the 2nd largest party in state by winning 7 seats.
In 2017, Congress emerged as single largest party by winning 28 seats, BJP won 21 seats, NPF won 4 seats, NPP won 4 and TMC from 7 seats could win only 1 seat.
Despite being the single largest party, Congress failed to stitch after poll alliance, therefore BJP along with other smaller parties formed government in State. N Biren Singh was elected as Chief Minister of Manipur.
At present in 60-member Manipur Legislative Assembly, BJP has 25 seats, Congress has 17 seats, NPP and NPF has 4 seats respectively, TMC has 1 and there are 3 independent MLAs. 4 seats are lying vacant in Manipur Assembly.
BJP along with NPP, NPF and with the support of 3 independents are in government. They have a total of 36 seats.
Manipur Assembly Election 2022 Opinion Polls: What Changed After 2017 Assembly Election?
Despite being just 3 seats short of majority, Congress failed to form government in state as it did not get support of any of the smaller political parties. BJP with support of NPP and NPF formed and independent MLAs formed government in state. However, since then there has been attempts to topple the government of ruling BJP+ in Manipur.
On June 17th six MLAs (4 from NPP) withdrew their support from the BJP led government. Added to it three BJP legislators quit the party and joined the Congress which pushed the government in to minority.
However, four National People's Party (NPP) MLAs returned to the coalition fold after the intervention of top BJP leaders and Meghalaya Chief Minister and NPP supremo Conrad K Sangma.
Congress moved the No Confidence Motion against the government on July 28. But it was rejected by Manipur State Secretary M Ramani Devi, while the ruling coalition's request for confidence motion was passed. CM N Biren Singh won confidence motion with voice vote and was able to save his government in state.
On 7th of November 2020, by elections on 4 seats of Wangoi, Lilong Wangjing Tentha and Saitu. In 5th seat of Singat BJP candidate was declared winner unopposed.
BJP contested on 3 seats while supported independent candidate on Lilong seat. INC fielded its candidates in all 4 seats. BJP won 3 seats and independent candidate supported by it won on Lilong seat. After the victory, BJP government in Manipur which was always on sticky ground was able to cement its position.