Every year Indian Parliament passes many bills when in session. Here I take a look of important Bills passed in year 2019.
103rd Constitution Amendment was passed by both houses at January.
This Bill amended 2 Fundamental rights Article 15 & 16. This provided advancement of economically weaker sections of society by having reservations for them.
Protection of Rights on Marriage of Muslim Women or 3T Bill
This Bill made all declaration of Talaq in any form to be void. Also makes it cognizble offence attracting to fine & upto 3 years imprisonment.
Jammu & Kashmir Reorganization Bill 2019
This Bill reorganizes state of J&K into union territory of J & K with legislature with 104 seats & term of 5 years. Police & Public order will be under Home minsitry. Ladakh with Kargil was made Union Territory without legislation. Both union territories will be headed by Leituant Governer appointed by President of India. Article 35A & 370 is void after enactment of this act.
JalianwalaBagh National Memorial Act
This act amended earlier Act of 1951.This Bill amended removed President of Indian National Congress as Trustee & replaced with Leader of Opposition/ Leader of single largest opposition party in Loksabha as trustee.
National Medical Commision Bill (NMC bill)
This Bill seeks to replace the Medical Council of India with National Medical Commission as top regulator of medical education.
This bill mandated that all medical graduates will have to clear exam to get license of practise.
Supreme Court Act (Number of Judges Act)
This Bill amended Act of 1956 . This act raised maximum number of judges at Supreme Court to 33( excluding CJI) from 30.
Special Protection Group ACT
SPG act 1988 was amended. This Bill mandated SPG to give proximate security to only PM & his family members residing with him in official residence only for the term.
Recognition of Property Rights - Delhi
Bill provides central government will regularize transactions of immovable properties held by unauthorized colonies.
Its estimated that 1731 unauthorized colonies benefit from it.
Merger of Union Territory of Daman & Diu
This bill propose to merger of UT of Daman & Diu with Dadar & Nagar Haveli. It will be named as "Union Territory of Dadra& Nagar Haveli & Daman & Diu "
Its in furtherence of government slogan "Minimum Government Maximum Governance".
The Citizenship Amendment Bill
According to bill, members of Hindu, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist & Zoroastrian communities who have come from Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh before December 31st 2014 & have faced religion persecution will not be treated as "Illegal immigrants " but will be given Indian Citizenship.
This also relaxes the provisions for "Citizenship by naturalization" & reduces duration of residency from 11 years to 5 years for people belonging to same religion mentioned above.
Definition of "Illegal Immigrant" -Person who has entered country without proper documentation.
These are the 10 noteworthy bills passed as act by both houses of Indian Parliament.