Five Protests that Shook India and World

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Five Protests that Shook India and World

08 Jan 2020
Five Protests that Shook India and World
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India is rocked by the series of Protest after Citizenship Amendment Bill was passed by the Indian Parliament. The protest took a dramatic turn when the students participating in the protest resorted to violence. Along with the students the police action agianst them also became the talk of the media in India and around the world. Here we share with you the protest that bought about a change in World and India

Hongkong Protest

The 2019 Hongkong Protest was triggered by the introduction of Fugitive Offenders Amendment Bill. The Bill allowed extradition of Criminals to mainland China and tried in the Communist Party Court.

Thousands of University and Secondary School Students took to street demanding the withdrawal of Bill, investigation of Police brutality and misconduct, the release of arrested protesters, a complete retraction of the official characterisation of the protests as "riots", and Chief Executive Carrie Lam's resignation along with the introduction of universal suffrage for election of the Legislative Council and the Chief Executive.

Despite protest, on June 9, 2019 Government of Hongkong preceded with the bill will led to massive outrage. On June 15, Carry Lam suspended the Bill and on 9th July 2019 she declared it to be “dead”. On October 23, 2019 Bill was completely withdrawn.

Black Power Protest

During their medal ceremony in the Olympic Stadium in Mexico City on October 16, 1968, two African-American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos each raised a black-gloved fist during the playing of the US national anthem.

On the morning of October 16, 1968, US athlete Tommie Smith won the 200 meter race with a world-record time of 19.83 seconds. Australia's Peter Norman finished second with a time of 20.06 seconds, and the US's John Carlos won third place with a time of 20.10 seconds. The two US athletes received their medals shoeless, but wearing black socks, to represent black poverty. Smith wore a black scarf around his neck to represent black pride, Carlos had his tracksuit top unzipped to show solidarity with all blue-collar workers in the US and wore a necklace of beads which he described "were for those individuals that were lynched, or killed and that no-one said a prayer for, that were hung and tarred.

International Olympic Committee (IOC) president Avery Brundage deemed it to be a domestic political statement unfit for the apolitical, international forum the Olympic Games were intended to be. In response to their actions, he ordered Smith and Carlos suspended from the US team and banned from the Olympic Village.

The Haymarket Affairs

On May 1, 1886, thousands of workers across the United States went on strike to protest poor working conditions and to demand an 8-hour maximum workday. The situation became heated; by May 4, crowds in Chicago’s Haymarket Square had gathered for a major union protest. Police were called in to keep the peace and it was working, however, someone from the Crowd threw a bomb into a huddle of police, killing seven and wounding 67. Police retaliated, killing between four and 50 people and wounding 200 more.

The event strengthened the position of the unions, and sparked the beginning of modern labor demonstrations. Thus, May Day came into prominence as a holiday. 

Chile Protest

In response to a raise in the Santiago Metro's subway fare, the increased cost of living, privatisation and inequality prevalent in the country, thousands of Chilean took to streets.

On 25 October, over a million people took to the streets throughout Chile to protest against President Pinera, demanding his resignation. As of December 28, 29 people have died nearly 2,500 have been injured, and 2,840 have been arrested. Human rights organisations have received several reports of violations conducted against protesters by security forces, including torture, sexual abuse and sexual assault.

On 28 October, President Pinera changed eight ministries of his cabinet in response to the unrest, dismissing his Interior Minister Andrés Chadwick. On November 15, most] of the political parties represented in the National Congress signed an agreement to call a national referendum in April 2020 regarding the creation of a new constitution.

Iran Protest

On November 15, people across 21 Iranian City took to street to protest against 200% rise in fuel price. They demanded the immediate removal of Ali Khamenei, removal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and stabilisation of the socio-economic conditions. The non-violent protest was made violent by crude government resistances like nationwide internet shutdown, shooting protesters dead with machine-gun fire, and confiscation of dead bodies to conceal casualty count. Protesters, in turn, destroyed 731 government banks and attacked 50 military bases.

The savings from the fuel price rises are planned to be distributed to 18 million poor families, representing 75% of Iran's population.

Anna Movement

In 2011, a strong movement against the Political corruption took place at Jantar Mantar. The movement was named as “Top 10 News Stories of 2011” by Times Magazine.

The movement gained momentum from 5 April 2011, when anti-corruption activist Anna Hazare began a hunger strike at the Jantar Mantar in New Delhi. The chief legislative aim of the movement was to alleviate corruption in the Indian government through introduction of the Jan Lokpal Bill. Another aim, spearheaded by Ramdev, was the repatriation of black money from Swiss and other foreign banks.

After failing to press the Government to pass to The Lokpal Bill, 2011, team Anna Hazare spilt. A section of India Against Corruption including Anna Hazare were against forming any political front out of the movement while a section under Arvind Kejriwal joined politics and formed his own political party, Aam Aadmi Party.

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